andy chuksGeography is the science that deals with the study of the Earth and its lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena. A literal translation would be "to describe or write about the Earth".
Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that foremost seeks to understand the Earth and all of its human and natural complexities - not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be.
A geographer is a scientist whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's physical environment and human habitat.
Though geographers are historically known as people who make maps, map making is actually the field of study of cartography, a subset of geography. Geographers study not only the physical details of the environment but also its effects on human and wildlife ecologies, weather and climate patterns, economics, and culture. They are often especially focused on the spatial relationships between these elements.
Physical geographers identify, analyze, and interpret the distribution and arrangement of landforms and other features of the Earth's surface. Modern geographers are often involved in resolving environmental problems. Many modern geographers are also the primary practitioners of geographic information systems and cartography. They are often employed by local, state, and federal government agencies as well as in the private sector by environmental and engineering firms. 1007 February 2011